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Posts Tagged ‘George Osborne’

Climate bust-up

August 1st, 2012 by

Right now, there’s a big political fight raging about the government’s plans on climate change. George Osborne is trying to tear up vital climate targets. Unless someone stops him, he could make it almost impossible for the UK to play our part in tackling climate change.

Nick Clegg could speak up and stop this happening. He’s made countless public commitments on climate. And he’s the only Lib Dem who might have enough power to block George Osborne. Together, we need to convince him to act.

So let’s move fast, and flood Nick Clegg’s office with messages telling him to do the right thing. We can prove that thousands of us want him to stand up to George Osborne and hold firm on tackling climate change.

New businesses have been waiting years for the government’s green light to fund more jobs and cleaner, safer energy. Now, they could be sidelined by George Osborne’s demand to fund more polluting gas plants. The decision could go either way – but if enough of us back Nick Clegg, we can make sure the government makes the right choice for future generations.

Since 38 Degrees started, we’ve been telling politicians to protect our climate. Back in 2009, 1000 38 Degrees members had a conference call with Ed Miliband to tell him we wanted real progress at the Copenhagen climate summit. And just last week, we emailed MPs on the climate change committee and persuaded them to speak out about the latest government plans.

So far, our pressure has paid off. So now let’s do the same again to stop George Osborne tearing up our climate targets.

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Artful Dodger Tax Dodger – What next?

March 25th, 2011 by

This week was budget week. With the news full stories about cuts, there wasn’t a lot to feel happy about. But at least 38 Degrees members made sure the scandal of how much we lose to tax dodging couldn’t be brushed under the carpet.

As George Osborne got ready to tell us that there’s no alternative to deep cuts, our Artful Dodger adverts challenging him on tax dodging were splashed across the national newspapers – including the Mirror, Independent, i, Guardian, Scotsman, Daily Record, South Wales Echo, Daily Post Wales.

Meanwhile, 38 Degrees members dressed as George Osborne ‘Artful Dodgers’ posed for journalists as they arrived in Westminster to report the budget. They also made a media splash, including a live appearance on BBC News and a two-page spread in the Daily Telegraph.

Here’s a video of the day:

Now we need to decide what we do next. What do you think we should next? Share your thoughts in the comments below:

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The Artful Dodger in Westminster: Media Coverage

March 24th, 2011 by

Artful Dodgers in the Telegraph

Photograph by 38 Degrees

Yesterday, 38 Degrees members paid for the Artful Dodger ads to appear in national newspapers, highlighting the issue of tax dodging on the day George Osborne announced his Budget. As the attention of the national media was focused on Westminster and the Budget announcement, a group of 38 Degrees volunteers made sure that tax dodging remained high on the agenda by dressing up as George the Artful Dodger and posing for reporters outside parliament.

It worked – we got our message about tax dodging into the media. The gang of Artful Dodgers were featured in live TV news broadcasts including BBC News, this video on the Telegraph website, and today in a huge photo in the Telegraph’s Budget supplement, shown here.

A short film following the Artful Dodgers’ progress around Westminster and explaining why 38 Degrees members are so concerned about the issue of tax dodging in the UK will be available on the website soon.

 

Posted in 38 Degrees Blog Posts, Tax dodging

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Will the Artful Dodger strike again?

March 22nd, 2011 by

It’s budget day tomorrow. So, the question we’re all asking ourselves is will the Artful Dodger strike again?

George Osborne

Photograph by altogetherfool (Flickr)

Together we voted to make tackling tax dodging a campaign priority so tomorrow we’re asking George Osborne to introduce measures in today’s budget that will prove he’s as serious as us about putting a stop to tax dodging.

In January we branded George Osborne the Artful Dodger because of his record on tax dodging. Instead of tackling tax dodging, he keeps dodging the issue. If George Osborne was serious about tax dodging, these are the practical things he could announce in the budget:

Make it harder for companies to dodge tax in secret: make them publish accounts for every country they work in
If companies were made to publish their accounts stating clearly and transparently the profits made and tax paid in every country where they operate, it would be much harder for companies to move money into tax havens to dodge tax. At the moment, companies can shift profits into tax havens specifically to dodge paying tax in the UK. Enforcing transparency would be one way to tackle this.

For more information:
Action Aid: http://www.actionaid.org.uk/102673/five_solutions_for_tax_justice.html
Richard Murphy, Tax Research:  http://www.taxresearch.org.uk/Blog/2007/01/09/tax-justice-positive-1-transparency
Tax Justice Network: http://www.taxjustice.net/cms/front_content.php?idcat=2#4

Require all companies and individuals to act within the spirit of the law: introduce a “General Anti-Avoidance Principle”
“A General Anti-Avoidance Principle” is about making individuals and companies act within the spirit of tax law and not just within the letter of it. This would mean that tax dodging strategies put into place specifically for the purpose of avoiding tax would be not in the spirit of the law, therefore not allowed. Examples of activities which wouldn’t be allowed if they were for the purpose of reducing tax are things like, moving money between husband and wife or recategorising income as capital gains.

For more information:
Tax Justice Network: http://taxjustice.blogspot.com/2010/11/why-do-we-need-general-anti-avoidance.html
TUC: http://www.tuc.org.uk/economy/tuc-18825-f0.cfm

Drop plans to make it easier for UK companies to run their businesses through tax havens, as currently proposed in the Finance Bill 2011
The government is planning to allow large UK companies to run their treasury functions from tax havens abroad, letting them dodge significant amounts of UK tax as a result. And they’re also planning to relax rules on all tax haven subsidiaries – or controlled foreign companies – of UK multinationals. This means that large companies will get to pay less tax. Dropping this proposal would stop money flowing out of the UK into tax havens.

For more information:
Daily Mail: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/article-1368525/CITY-FOCUS-SIMON-DUKE-Taxing-times-overseas-exodus.html#ixzz1HJZJeoLH
Richard Murphy, Tax Research: http://www.taxresearch.org.uk/Blog/2011/03/22/business-passing-its-tax-bill-to-ordinary-people-with-the-help-of-george-osborne and; http://www.taxresearch.org.uk/Blog/2010/11/30/whats-chiselling-away-at-poor-countries-tax-revenues-and-the-uks-too

Posted in 38 Degrees Blog Posts, Clampdown on Tax dodgers

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Interview with Nicholas Shaxson: Part Two

March 18th, 2011 by

Nicholas Shaxson, tax expert and author of ‘Treasure Island: Tax Havens And The Men Who Stole The World’, a book described as the “most important of the year”, noticed 38 Degrees’ campaign against tax dodging. He asked if 38 Degrees would be interested in doing an interview with him. 38 Degrees members came up with the questions, this is the second all three instalments of his replies:

How does the UK relate to other countries in the world for tax dodging? if we are one of the “dodgiest” countries then is it relative to high corporation tax which other countries don’t have? (Ihmya Boydfriend)

Nicholas Shaxson: When we are talking about the UK, there are two things that are happening. The first is: the UK tax authorities are losing money as wealthy individuals and corporations stash their money in tax havens, evading or avoiding tax on their income. George Monbiot’s recent excellent article in The Guardian is about a shift that may be underway that would make matters worse.

George Osborne has the power to crack down on tax dodgers

Photograph by altogetherfool (Flickr)

The second is that the UK is a tax haven in its own right. And it is doing two main things. One the one hand, it’s creating all sorts of tax exemptions, offering secrecy and other attractions that suck money in from elsewhere, so that the residents of other countries can dodge taxes or whatever. On the other hand, and more importantly, it runs a network of tax havens around the world – this picture of the world’s tax havens, with the British ones in blue, gives an idea. About half the global offshore system is, in one way or another, British. These tax havens channel huge sums of money, and the business of handling that money, in to the City of London. It may be bank deposits in Jersey being sent up to HQ in London; it may be a crosss-border business deal being routed through UK havens and the business of setting it all up being outsourced to London; it may be a dictator’s assets being provided with a secrecy structure laddered through Gibraltar, Cyprus, Luxembourg, the Caymans or whatever – with the ultimate asset: the bank account, or the luxury house, or the painting – actually held in London.

So there’s money flowing in two directions. Money is being lost to tax havens elsewhere. Meanwhile, Britain’s tax haven network around the world is sucking money back in. But it’s crucial to understand – this is the key point – that the money coming back in does not make up for the money being lost. The money coming in is going to the City and it’s creating too-big-to-fail banks; a financial sector that has the government and taxpayers by the throat; property bubbles and real estate speculation. Are we really any better off than say the French, German, Swedes, as a result of these vast inflows? I’d say no – we have a far more unequal country, more very wealthy people, but more poor people too.It is in this sense that one can talk about Britain as the “dodgiest” country, I think. It’s not about our tax rates, really. It’s about our role running half the world’s tax havens.

I believe about 2 thirds of the worlds tax havens are British territories. Is this true? (Mike Dorey)

NS: As I mention above, the figure is about half. That’s the Tax Justice Network’s estimate. It’s not just them, though: Conservative MP Mark Field, one of the tax havens’ staunchest defenders, recently was quoted as having said:

“Half of the top 30 offshore financial centers are British dependencies or territories.”

One can quibble a bit with the share, but not much.

Can the government actually have any control over, for example, Jersey and any other “colonial” posessions that are operating tax havens? (Peter McCrone)

NS: Very good question. You have the three Crown Dependencies –Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man – and then the 14 Overseas Territories – seven of which are tax havens: Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, the Cayman islands, Gibraltar, Turks and Caicos, and Montserrat. Wikipedia calls the latter “remnants of the British Empire that have not acquired independence or have voted to remain British territories.” These places are partly controlled by Britian – the Queen appoints the governor, for example – but also partly separate: each has its own limited form of local politics and elections. Britain’s role is understated and it doesn’t like having to show its power: it prefers this slight distance that allows it to say “there’s nothing we can do” when something ugly breaks the surface. Every now and then Britain’s hand behind the scenes is revealed – such as when governance in the Turks & Caicos got so crooked that Britain had to impose direct rule.

This British underpinning is absolutely crucial. When the Bahamas became fully independent from Britain under premier Lynden Pindling in 1973, the money fled in droves to the Cayman Islands. “It wasn’t that Pindling did anything to damage the banks,” noted offshore lawyer Milton Grundy. “It was just that he was black.” If the jurisdiction is under the queen, the financiers are reassured. Britain could transform the offshore system overnight, if it chose to.

I’d like to know if the British government really would like to deal with the loopholes? (Lisa Howarth)

NS: I think that the answer is, generally, only up to a point. The Monbiot article I cite above is an example of which way this is going – this really is an effort to give corporations what they want, and let the ordinary British taxpayer pay the taxes they won’t pay. It’s not just the current government either. Gordon Brown promised in 1997 to crack down on tax havens before he came to power, and then did very little indeed. This is ultimately about the City protecting its interests, which means protecting the tax havens, to attract the inflows. Also, as regards the outflows, my book in the last chapter outlines how the British tax authorities steadily changed their culture away from a process of really trying to get corporations to pay their way, into one where corporations became “clients” and it was important to keep them happy.

You can follow Nicholas Shaxson on twitter at: http://twitter.com/nickshaxson

Nicholas Shaxson also recomends Richard Murphy’s Blog
and this Tax Justice Blog

 

You can read part one of the interview here.

You can read part three here.

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Interview with Nicholas Shaxson: Part One

March 3rd, 2011 by

Nicholas Shaxson, tax expert and author of ‘Treasure Island’, a book described as the “most important of the year”, noticed 38 Degrees’ campaign against tax dodging. He asked if 38 Degrees would be interested in doing an interview with him.  The office team then asked 38 Degrees members wanted they wanted to know about tax-below he has answered some of the questions members have asked him:

Nicholas Shaxson

Photograph by 38 Degrees

Gerry Smith: Could you please explain the difference between tax avoidance and tax dodging? If the only difference is one is legal and one is illegal how do we pressurise our MP’s into changing the tax laws so both are illegal?

Nicholas Shaxson: Technically, the main distinction that is made is between tax evasion – which is by definition illegal – and tax avoidance, which is by definition legal, but also by definition involves getting around the spirit of the law: what our democratic representatives intend when they set up tax laws. Between the poles of evasion and avoidance there is a huge grey area, a spectrum between the legal and the illegal. Multinational corporations that use tax havens tend to inhabit this grey area.

Tax dodging is a popular term which to me means the whole lot: evasion, avoidance and the grey area in between. I prefer an alternative term, which is tax cheating.  I think that effectively puts the finger on exactly what is going on here.

Lauren Young: How much could we save if they just paid their tax?

NS: The so-called UK tax gap – taxes that are recognised but go unpaid, outright tax evasion, and tax avoidance – is estimated at 40 billion pounds per year by HMRC; and at 120 billion per year by Richard Murphy,who has done a lot of pioneering work on this. It would never be possible to collect all this, but many billions, and possibly tens of billions, is a reasonable estimate of what might be possible. This could not go all the way towards making up for the huge cuts now being instigated – but it could go a long way. It is a genuine and big alternative to cuts.

Avril Wooster: If someone resides in U K, has a business in UK, how can they not pay their due taxes in UK?
Robin Rowles: Is there any reason why our taxation laws can’t say “If you live in the UK, work in the UK, do business in the UK, or as an individual or as a corporate entity take any income from the UK, you pay UK taxation”?

NS: Generally, companies can’t cut their tax bills to zero, because the government puts in defences against offshore tax avoidance. Company lawyers put in place new schemes to get around those defences, though, and the government creates new defences against those. And so on. This game of cat and mouse is one reason why tax systems get so complex.

Take a business that is resident in the UK and which has its headquarters here, and which has subsidiaries all over the world. In theory, should pay taxes on all its worldwide income, with allowances made for taxes already paid to other countries. But it’s not as simple as that.

Imagine the company has a subsidiary in a tax haven, which earns $100 million but pays no local tax (because it’s in a tax haven.) In theory, the UK resident company should pay UK taxes on its tax haven profits. But there is a big fly in this ointment: if it structures its tax affairs in certain ways, it may only pay those taxes in practice once it has repatriated those profits back to the UK. Meanwhile the money that it keeps out there in the tax haven will sit there, untaxed. This is known as deferred tax – tax that should in theory be paid one day, once the income is repatriated to the UK – but in practice it often never gets paid at all. It has been called a ‘tax-free loan from the government, with no repayment date.’ One third of the UK’s largest companies pay no tax.

With respect to individuals, the big gift that the UK makes to wealthy people is the so-called “non-dom” rules, under which certain classes of people who are resident in the UK but not “domiciled” in the UK (this is a rather vague test that depends on where your heart lies) get to pay tax on their UK income only, but pay no tax on their worldwide income. So of course, vastly wealthy people come to London, make sure all their income is realised overseas, and get all the benefits from living in our country while making sure that other people pay for all the services they rely on. The non-dom rule should be simply scrapped.

You can follow Nicholas Shaxson on twitter at: http://twitter.com/nickshaxson

Nicholas Shaxson also recomends Richard Murphy’s Blog
and this Tax Justice Blog

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We’ve decided where our Artful Dodger tax ads should go next

February 28th, 2011 by

George Osborne as the Artful Dodger

Photograph by 38 Degrees

Last week we ran a poll to decide where our Artful Dodger tax ads go next. The most popular suggestion was to run them in national newspapers with over 12,000 of the 15,000 votes. The other two options with fewer votes were billboards and bus stops in cabinet members’ constituencies and local election hotspots.

Last time we ran our ads in the papers, we really upped the pressure on the government to tackle tax dodging. The ads were talked about in newspapers and on BBC and Sky breakfast TV. On Sky, our ads even put a minister on the spot when the presenter asked “why are you fiddling about with VAT when tax dodging costs us £120bn?”

What else could we do to up the pressure? If you have any ideas, please share them below:

Posted in 38 Degrees Blog Posts, Clampdown on Tax dodgers

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Our letter to the Independent

January 11th, 2011 by

Here’s a letter David sent to The Independent newspaper last week. They wrote a great article about us recently, which you can read here.

David’s letter was to clarfiy that 38 Degrees is independent of any political party, because there was a sentence or two in the article that might have made that slightly unclear.  You can see the letter we sent in below.

Sir,

Your article ‘New media give popular protest a fresh voice’ (Tue 5thJan) about 38 Degrees  Artful Dodger adverts highlighting tax-dodging was a great boost to our members’ campaign. But there was one thing we’d like to clarify.

Your article said that “Tory advisers [...] could be forgiven for thinking that the advert was the latest attack from the Labour Party”. 38 Degrees is independent of all political parties. Our members support different political parties including, in some cases, none at all.

Many of our members were disappointed with last Labour government’s record on tax dodging too. The Artful Dodger adverts focused on George Osborne because as Chancellor he could something about tax dodging but, at the moment, he’s choosing the avoid the issue.

Yours faithfully, David Babbs, Executive Director, 38 Degrees

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Artful Dodger ads are causing a stir

January 6th, 2011 by

George Osborne has been splashed across the papers the past couple of days in his new starring role as the Artful Dodger. Together, we came up with the idea for a cheeky ad to get people talking about tax dodging and we’ve done just that. We’re exposing the scandal of tax dodging and making sure we all know the truth about how much we really lose each year to super-rich tax cheats. We always said we wanted to get everyone talking: politicians, journalists and members of the public.

George Osborne as the Artful Dodger

Photograph by 38 Degrees

The past few days have been really exciting: the phones in the 38 Degrees office haven’t stopped ringing. On Tuesday morning, you might have seen David on Sky News or BBC News talking about our ads. In fact our ads put a government minister right on the spot in a Sky News interview. Our advert was held up to challenge them directly with the presenter asking “why are you fiddling about with VAT when tax dodging costs us £120 billion?”

Together, we’ve pushed the issue of tax dodging up the agenda and the media and blog coverage over the past few days proves it. Here are some of the highlights:

Daily Mirror: “George Osborne branded the Artful Dodger”
http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/top-stories/2011/01/05/george-osborne-branded-the-artful-dodger-115875-22826906/

Independent: “New media give popular protest a fresh voice”
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/new-media-give-popular-protest-a-fresh-voice-2176107.html

Guardian Politics Live Blog: 12.12pm
http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/blog/2011/jan/04/politics-live-blog

Irish Times: “Billboard campaign to target avoiders and evaders of tax”
http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/world/2011/0105/1224286779740.html

Media Week: “Newspapers spike ad targeting Osborne’s tax record”
http://www.mediaweek.co.uk/news/rss/1047846/Newspapers-spike-ad-targeting-Osbornes-tax-record/

Left Foot Forward: “Mail and Telegraph pull anti-tax-dodger ads”
http://www.leftfootforward.org/2011/01/mail-and-telegraph-pull-anti-tax-dodging-ads

If you spot any interesting blog posts or articles post them in the comments below so that we can all read them.

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Download & use the “Crack Down on Tax Dodgers” Ad

January 6th, 2011 by

Over the last few days lots of people have asked if they can download and use the “Crack down on Tax Dodgers” ad. That is of course absolutely fine!

If you want to download it and use it on your blog, facebook, twitter or something else just click here to download it then let us know how you use in the comments below.

Here’s how the ad looks:

George Osborne as the Artful Dodger Ad

Photograph by 38 Degrees

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